• Karakters3_uitwisseling

    Uitwisseling | 交流

  • Karakters_6_ontwikkeling

    Ontwikkelingen | 发展

  • Karakters_1_samenwerking

    Samenwerking | 合作

  • Karakters_5_samenwerking

    Samenwerking | 合作

  • Karakters_4_kennis

    Kennis | 知识

  • Karakters2_werelden verbinden

    Werelden verbinden | 国际接轨

Schermafdruk 2018 09 01 14.15.47China’s population is growing old at a faster rate than almost all other countries. The effects of China’s 36-year one-child policy, combined with dramatic improvements in health care, have contributed to increases in life expectancy and decreases in China’s birth rate. During the years that the one-child policy was in effect, life expectancy in China improved from 67 to 75 and fertility rate decreased from 2.8 to 1.7. China’s looming demographic shift presents considerable social and economic challenges. This trend is particularly worrisome for China, as its development is tied to its demographic advantages. For decades, China reaped the benefits of a demographic dividend that supplied a young workforce for its manufacturing sector, which enabled China to emerge as a global economic power. Furthermore, China’s demographic shift presents significant social problems. The number of Chinese retirees will soon skyrocket, prompting questions of China’s preparedness to provide senior care. The one-child policy also contributed to a significant gender imbalance among China’s younger population, as some women elected to have sex-selective abortions to ensure that their only child was male. China’s leaders now face a challenge of reaffirming China’s economic power while addressing prevailing social . . . . read more


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